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Part of the Golden Rules of Gambling series, in How to Gamble on Rugby and Win, successful sports bettor Chris Wilde tackles one of his favourite sports. 10 on Rugby B&B ist eine stilvolle kleine Pension in bevorzugter, sicherer Lage im zentralen Stadtteil Oranjezicht, Kapstadt, Südafrika. Herrlicher Blick. 10 on Rugby, Südafrika - Gästehaus in Kapstadt unter deutschsprachiger Leitung .

Once they had left school, many young men wanted to continue playing the game of their youth, and the early annual matches between alumni and current senior students were not enough to satisfy these players.

Football clubs were formed in the midth century, with one of the very first rugby clubs appearing at Blackheath in Rugby enthusiasm also spread rapidly to Ireland and Scotland, with a club founded at the University of Dublin in and the formation by the Old Boys of Edinburgh of the Edinburgh Academicals Rugby Football Club in In the tradition of club matches began in England with Blackheath playing Richmond.

Representatives of several leading football clubs met in to try to devise a common set of rules for football. Ultimately, rugby was left outside the FA.

Despite the initial reluctance to abandon hacking, rugby clubs began to abolish the practice during the late s.

Blackheath banned it in , and Richmond supported a similar prohibition in Thus, in members of leading rugby clubs met to form the Rugby Football Union RFU , which became the governing body for the sport.

As a result of its continued adherence to the practice, Rugby School did not join the RFU until Rugby rapidly spread from its elitist origins in England, Scotland, and Ireland to middle- and working-class men in the north of England and in Wales and to the British colonies in South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand.

It also spread to North America , where it was transformed into a new style of football. Unlike association football soccer , which embraced player payments and league play in the s, the RFU staunchly resisted professionalism, cup competitions, and leagues, though international rugby between England and Scotland began immediately.

As soon as the six Scottish clubs heard of the formation of the RFU, they issued a challenge to it for a match to be held in Scotland on March 27, The match was played in front of 4, spectators, with each side scoring a try, though only Scotland could convert the try with a goal see below Play of the game.

Ireland began playing England in and Scotland in In the north of England, rugby was organized somewhat differently from in the south.

Teams became the focus of civic pride, and league and cup competitions quickly arose in Yorkshire. The game spread throughout Yorkshire to Cumbria and parts of Lancashire, and many working-class men were playing by the mids.

Matters came to a head at an general meeting of the RFU, where the legalization of broken time payments was soundly defeated by southern clubs, which controlled a majority of the votes.

The majority of northern clubs joined the Northern Union, but it failed in efforts to expand its influence farther afield within Britain.

Many early players had some experience of the game in the north of England and took their interest with them to Wales.

By the early s rugby had become a vital part of working-class culture in south Wales, which distinguished the game there from its upper-class association in other parts of the British Isles.

Wales had high levels of immigration in the late 19th century, and rugby emerged at this time as a focal point of a new modern Welsh nationalism.

Wales won its first title in Unlike England, a more competitive system arose in Wales, with a South Wales Challenge Cup being contested between and and an unofficial league system appearing by the s.

As the only team to defeat the powerful New Zealand team on its first tour of the British Isles, in , Wales cemented its place as a dominant rugby power.

Rugby remained central to modern Welsh identity, particularly in the period between the mids and the early s, when players such as Gareth Edwards , Barry John, Phil Bennett, Gerald Davies, J.

Williams, and others kept Wales at the top of Northern Hemisphere rugby. During the s many coal mines were closed, which led to the deterioration of mining valley communities that had been the cradle of Welsh rugby for a century.

Since that time Wales has struggled to regain its position as a leading rugby nation. Rugby union football spread more slowly outside the British Empire , though it was played in France as early as There were 20 or more French clubs by , mostly in and around Paris.

Soon the game diffused to southwestern cities such as Bordeaux, Lyon, and Perpignon, where it became the most popular team sport. French attitudes toward professionalism were much more relaxed than in the British Isles, which led the Home Nations unions to sever relations with France in , though they were restored in Like rugby union, the league game in France is largely confined to the southern part of the country.

During World War II , rugby league play was outlawed in France by the Vichy government, but the sport made a comeback in the postwar era.

In the s rugby also gained a foothold in Italy, particularly in the northwestern part of the country. The Italian Rugby Federation was founded in In the s clubs supported by large companies began to organize payment of players in their club competition, and leading international players such as Naas Botha of South Africa, David Campese of Australia, and John Kirwin of New Zealand played rugby union in Italy.

Italian rugby advanced significantly by the s, and in Italy joined the Five Nations competition, which was then renamed Six Nations.

Rugby rules appeared in North America before the s and were used in a famous game between McGill University of Montreal and Harvard University of Cambridge , Massachusetts, in Rugby rules were soon modified in the United States and later in Canada, however, to create the distinct codes of gridiron football played in North America.

Although gridiron football had largely supplanted both association football and rugby in the United States by late in the 19th century, rugby enjoyed a revival from on the Pacific Coast after gridiron football was banned there in the aftermath of a public furor over violence and player deaths and injuries.

Rugby remained popular there after the gridiron sport was restored to its preeminent position. West Coast players largely made up the national rugby teams that won at the and Olympic Games , after which rugby was dropped as an Olympic sport.

Rugby also retained a foothold in British Columbia in Canada. Into the 21st century a large proportion of players on the U.

It was in the Southern Hemisphere that rugby assumed new levels of cultural meaning and innovation. In New Zealand and South Africa, the sport became an integral part of national identity and at times a flash point for social and political issues.

In Australia the game was closely associated with the eastern coastal region. Only five clubs played in Sydney at that time, but by , 79 clubs existed, with a senior and four junior competitions.

By the s matches between teams representing New South Wales and New Zealand began, as rugby in Australia remained largely confined to the big east coast cities of Sydney and Brisbane.

The national Australian Rugby Union was not formed until In other parts of Australia, Australian rules football had already established itself as the dominant sport.

The issue of payment to players appeared in Australia by the early s, centring in particular on compensation for injured footballers. At the same time, a professional team of New Zealand rugby players, known as the All Golds, prepared to travel to England to play against Northern Union clubs.

In a rugby league competition began in Sydney with working-class clubs leaving rugby union to play by the new rules. The first Australian rugby league players toured Britain in —09, followed by another tour of Britain in —12, thus establishing international links between Northern and Southern Hemisphere breakaway groups.

The main centres of rugby league in Australia are Sydney and Brisbane, though it is widely played in cities and towns throughout the country and has a larger following than has rugby union.

In New Zealand the first rugby match was played at Nelson in However, rugby spread slowly owing to problems of distance and sparse population, and while regional unions appeared throughout the country by the mids, a national union, the New Zealand Rugby Football Union NZRFU , was not founded until A team made up mostly of Maori players toured Britain, winning 49 of its 74 matches, including many matches against clubs in the north of England that largely consisted of working-class players and that had become the best club teams in the country.

In the Ranfurly Shield was presented by Earl Ranfurly, the governor of New Zealand, to serve as a trophy for a challenge competition between provincial rugby teams.

In New Zealand played a truly national Australian team for the first time. A form of rugby football was played in South Africa in , and the game was first played in Cape Town in The expanding population that followed the Kimberley diamond discovery spread the game into that region —86 , and rugby was being played in the Johannesburg and Pretoria areas by South Africa too has leagues for clubs and a national competition between provincial teams for the Currie Cup, first given in by Sir Donald Currie.

Black South Africans were excluded from playing in the whites-only rugby competitions run by the South African Rugby Board and were forced to play in separate competitions over the course of the 20th century.

Pivotal to the success of South African rugby, as well as to its continued segregation, was the controversial Danie Craven , a legendary player who also served as coach of the national team and president of the Rugby Board.

As a core cultural activity of white South Africans, rugby became the target of protests by black South Africans and international antiapartheid protesters, who called for boycotts of both South Africa and its national rugby team.

Significant protests first emerged in New Zealand in —60 when the NZRFU did not select Maori players for the tour of South Africa in order to comply with apartheid restrictions.

In response to disquiet among black Commonwealth countries, the New Zealand government canceled a planned tour by South Africa, in order to save the Commonwealth Games in Christchurch.

Rugby League har en plan som liknar den för amerikansk fotboll gällande linjer men är större. Klungor förekommer mycket sällan och bollen är i spel mer än i Rugby Union.

Eftersom färre man skall täcka en lika stor yta brukar Rugby League anses vara ett lite tuffare spel än Rugby Union. Det kallas försök en: Om laget tvingats tillbaks bakom sin egen meterslinje kan de sparka bollen ut ur planen för att vinna tillbaka mark, men förlora bollen.

Ett försök till spark med territoriell vinst som resultat kallas kick into touch , sidlinjen kallas även touch-linjen. Laget med inkastets kastare, som ofta har till plikt att kasta in bollen, ropar ofta ut kodord för att de egna spelarna ska känna till vem som ska ta emot bollen.

Den mest fysiska delen i rugby är tacklingarna. Domaren talar om för spelarna vilken situation som är aktuell. Ruck är dock strikt styrt av regler avsedda för att skydda spelarna.

I Rugby Union finns fyra olika sätt att göra poäng. Om bollen sparkas över ribban mellan stolparna ger detta 3 poäng. Forwards har i regel numren och avbytarnummer Backarna har resterande nummer upp till 15 och I Rugby Union behöver de spelarna för det mesta kunna samma färdigheter - vissa undantag finns, kedjan deltar sällan i inkast och klungor medan forwardsen sällan sparkar bollen.

Detta skedde i ett dubbelmöte, där "unionregler" respektive "leagueregler" skulle gälla i vardera matchen.

Eine Ausnahme von diesen Stereotypen ist insbesondere Wales , wo Rugby Union mit Mannschaften aus kleinen Dörfern in Zusammenhang gebracht wird, in denen Bergleute und Industriearbeiter leben. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 4. November um Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Aufgrund von Streitigkeiten über Regeländerungen zogen sich einige Vereine aus dem Verband zurück und gründeten am Treten des Balles ist in alle Richtungen erlaubt. Der Titel dieses Artikels ist mehrdeutig. Nur der balltragende Spieler darf angegriffen werden. With the world-famous Table Mountain as your backyard, the picturesque Harbour Bay at your feet when you wake up and the famed Clifton, Camps Bay and Blaauwberg beaches as your playground - 10 on Rugby is ideally positioned in Cape Town to cater to your every desire. Seit sind im Rugby Union ebenfalls Profisportler zugelassen. In anderen Projekten Commons. Nationalparks in der Nähe. Harte Schutzbekleidung ist nicht erlaubt.

On Rugby Video

A Beginners Guide to Rugby Union Rules

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Many different types of football are played throughout Britain. Running with the ball became common in s at Rugby School and Rugby School football became popular throughout the UK in the s, and s.

First written code of rules adopted at Rugby School. The first club to play rugby outside the British Islands. The Football Association FA is formed, formalising the schism between association football and rugby football.

The first rugby clubs are formed, followed by hundreds more in Cumberland, Lancashire and Yorkshire in the s, and s.

The British Army plays a game of rugby against civilians in Montreal, introducing rugby to the country. This movement would later evolve into Canadian football.

First recognised international rugby match , played between England and Scotland. Matthew Bloxam 's letter is published in The Meteor.

Although a Rugby Football Union inquiry in found no actual proof, it decided to perpetuate the myth. English Rugby rules required for a tackled player, when the ball was "fairly held", to put the ball down immediately for scrummage.

Concerned at the growing dominance of the largely working-class northern clubs, the Rugby Football Union introduces strict amateur rules: Charges of professionalism are laid against rugby football clubs in Bradford and Leeds, after they compensated players for missing work.

RFU votes down proposal. Widespread suspensions of northern clubs and players begin. Many factors played a part in the split, including the success of working class northern teams, a decree by the RFU banning the playing of rugby at grounds where entrance fees were charged, threat of expulsion from the RFU if clubs cannot prove their amateurism, and the banning of "broken time payments" to players who had taken time off work to play rugby.

Within fifteen years of that first meeting in Huddersfield, more than RFU clubs had left to join the Northern Union.

To make the game more exciting, the Northern Union abolishes the line-out and reduces value of all goals to two points.

Line outs were replaced with punting the ball back into play from the touch-line. Tries worth three points. The Challenge Cup is established and proves a success from the start.

Batley became the first winners, beating Saint Helens 10—3. Professionalism is introduced in the Northern Union.

The professionalism is strictly part-time, with players obliged to have other "proper" jobs. Rugby union features at the Olympics.

It finishes in the Olympics. The experiment in the Northern Union with the punt-out ends after only four years. In future, play will be restarted with a scrum after the ball goes out of play.

First rugby league international match. England lose to Other Nationalities 3—9, at Wigan. England play South Africa known as the Springboks in rugby union for the first time.

James Peters is withdrawn from the England squad after the South Africans objected to playing against a black player. In the Northern Union the number of players is reduced from fifteen to thirteen a side, in order to allow more room for creative play.

A New Zealand professional rugby team tours Britain. They play under rugby union rules in Sydney. Rugby league spreads to Australia and New Zealand.

The first Premiership is won by South Sydney. Rugby league goes on to displace rugby union as the primary football code in New South Wales and Queensland.

The first Australian Kangaroo tourists visit Britain. Hunslet become the first club to win all four trophies available to them; the Championship, the Challenge Cup, the Yorkshire Cup and the Yorkshire League.

Hunslet were led by Albert Goldthorpe , a dominant figure in the early years of the code. South African rugby union tour of the British Isles and France.

Proposals are made and preliminary steps taken in Australia to amalgamate the rules of rugby league with Australian rules football — Australia's dominant football code outside New South Wales and Queensland — to form a universal football code for the country, [17] but efforts to that end subside as World War I escalates, [18] and are never seriously revived.

Northern Union changes its name to the Rugby Football League , the name used for the sport in Australia. The New Zealanders remained undefeated throughout the tour, earning the title "The Invincibles".

First rugby league Challenge Cup Final is played at Wembley. Wigan defeat Dewsbury 13—2 in front of 41, Unprecedented fourth rugby league test match played between Britain and Australia at Rochdale after third test is drawn 0—0.

Britain win the test 3—0 to take the Ashes. The French had been excluded from the rugby union Five Nations competition amid allegations of professionalism, so the country was receptive to the new game.

Rugby league is established in France by Jean Galia , a former rugby union international and champion boxer.

By , the French league has clubs. The French Vichy government bans rugby league, because of its links with the Allies and a desire to ban all professional sports.

Rugby union is allowed to carry on unscathed and regains much of the ground it had lost to rugby league. To this day, the rugby league clubs' assets have never been returned to them.

A Northern Command army rugby league side defeats a Northern Command rugby union side 18—11 at Headingley playing rugby union rules.

The following year a Combined Services rugby league side beats a Combined Services rugby union side 15— These are the only league vs union matches played until Brian Bevan makes his rugby league debut for Warrington.

Over the next 16 seasons he scored tries for the club in games. His career total was , more than ahead of his nearest rival.

Lance Todd , killed in a car accident in , was a New Zealand tourist who managed Salford from — The most famous rugby league tour of all, [ citation needed ] as the Lions sail to Australia on HMS Indomitable , stoking the boilers to keep fit.

The South American Rugby Championship commences. South Africa achieved a second five-nation Grand Slam. Just a decade after being wound up, France win their first rugby league series in Australia.

They repeat the feat by winning again in Springboks' rugby union tour of New Zealand. South Africa suffer their first ever test series loss against New Zealand.

Great Britain defeat Australia 25—18 in the second rugby league test match with only eight fit players on the pitch. Alan Prescott plays for 77 minutes with a broken arm.

Substitutes allowed in rugby league for the first time, but only for players injured before half-time. The Rugby League International Board introduces a rule that a team in possession is allowed three play-the-balls and on the fourth tackle a scrum is to be formed.

The Southern hemisphere adopts the rule the following year, but it becomes six-tackle rugby in , and in the scrum was replaced by a handover.

Professional rugby league adopts Sunday as its main match day, in a bid to reverse declining attendances. Springbok rugby union tour to Britain and Ireland.

The tour is marked by protests against apartheid ; South Africa would not tour the Home Nations again until after the end of apartheid. New Zealand wins a rugby league series in Britain for the first time since the original —08 tour.

Lions rugby union tour of Australia and New Zealand. This is the only Lions team to have won a test series in New Zealand. Formal re-unification takes 30 years.

Wales and England field separate teams in the Rugby League World Cup, played over several months in both hemispheres.

Australia takes the trophy by finishing one point ahead of England in the final league table. New Zealand rugby union tour of South Africa.

Twenty-eight nations boycott the Summer Olympics in protest against the International Olympic Committee 's refusal to ban New Zealand from the games for defying the IOC's ban on sporting contact with South Africa.

From onwards, it is played as a three match series and is recognised as the fiercest, toughest rugby in the world. South Africa is banned by the International Rugby Board from international competition until such time as apartheid ended.

Australian rugby league tourists win all tour games for first time and become known as 'The Invincibles'. A rugby league try is increased to four points.

The character of the game changes further with the introduction of the turn-over possession on the sixth tackle, drastically reducing the number of scrums.

The Sin Bin is introduced for offences that do not merit a sending off. It also spread to North America , where it was transformed into a new style of football.

Unlike association football soccer , which embraced player payments and league play in the s, the RFU staunchly resisted professionalism, cup competitions, and leagues, though international rugby between England and Scotland began immediately.

As soon as the six Scottish clubs heard of the formation of the RFU, they issued a challenge to it for a match to be held in Scotland on March 27, The match was played in front of 4, spectators, with each side scoring a try, though only Scotland could convert the try with a goal see below Play of the game.

Ireland began playing England in and Scotland in In the north of England, rugby was organized somewhat differently from in the south.

Teams became the focus of civic pride, and league and cup competitions quickly arose in Yorkshire. The game spread throughout Yorkshire to Cumbria and parts of Lancashire, and many working-class men were playing by the mids.

Matters came to a head at an general meeting of the RFU, where the legalization of broken time payments was soundly defeated by southern clubs, which controlled a majority of the votes.

The majority of northern clubs joined the Northern Union, but it failed in efforts to expand its influence farther afield within Britain.

Many early players had some experience of the game in the north of England and took their interest with them to Wales.

By the early s rugby had become a vital part of working-class culture in south Wales, which distinguished the game there from its upper-class association in other parts of the British Isles.

Wales had high levels of immigration in the late 19th century, and rugby emerged at this time as a focal point of a new modern Welsh nationalism.

Wales won its first title in Unlike England, a more competitive system arose in Wales, with a South Wales Challenge Cup being contested between and and an unofficial league system appearing by the s.

As the only team to defeat the powerful New Zealand team on its first tour of the British Isles, in , Wales cemented its place as a dominant rugby power.

Rugby remained central to modern Welsh identity, particularly in the period between the mids and the early s, when players such as Gareth Edwards , Barry John, Phil Bennett, Gerald Davies, J.

Williams, and others kept Wales at the top of Northern Hemisphere rugby. During the s many coal mines were closed, which led to the deterioration of mining valley communities that had been the cradle of Welsh rugby for a century.

Since that time Wales has struggled to regain its position as a leading rugby nation. Rugby union football spread more slowly outside the British Empire , though it was played in France as early as There were 20 or more French clubs by , mostly in and around Paris.

Soon the game diffused to southwestern cities such as Bordeaux, Lyon, and Perpignon, where it became the most popular team sport.

French attitudes toward professionalism were much more relaxed than in the British Isles, which led the Home Nations unions to sever relations with France in , though they were restored in Like rugby union, the league game in France is largely confined to the southern part of the country.

During World War II , rugby league play was outlawed in France by the Vichy government, but the sport made a comeback in the postwar era.

In the s rugby also gained a foothold in Italy, particularly in the northwestern part of the country. The Italian Rugby Federation was founded in In the s clubs supported by large companies began to organize payment of players in their club competition, and leading international players such as Naas Botha of South Africa, David Campese of Australia, and John Kirwin of New Zealand played rugby union in Italy.

Italian rugby advanced significantly by the s, and in Italy joined the Five Nations competition, which was then renamed Six Nations.

Rugby rules appeared in North America before the s and were used in a famous game between McGill University of Montreal and Harvard University of Cambridge , Massachusetts, in Rugby rules were soon modified in the United States and later in Canada, however, to create the distinct codes of gridiron football played in North America.

Although gridiron football had largely supplanted both association football and rugby in the United States by late in the 19th century, rugby enjoyed a revival from on the Pacific Coast after gridiron football was banned there in the aftermath of a public furor over violence and player deaths and injuries.

Rugby remained popular there after the gridiron sport was restored to its preeminent position. West Coast players largely made up the national rugby teams that won at the and Olympic Games , after which rugby was dropped as an Olympic sport.

Rugby also retained a foothold in British Columbia in Canada. Into the 21st century a large proportion of players on the U. It was in the Southern Hemisphere that rugby assumed new levels of cultural meaning and innovation.

In New Zealand and South Africa, the sport became an integral part of national identity and at times a flash point for social and political issues.

In Australia the game was closely associated with the eastern coastal region. Only five clubs played in Sydney at that time, but by , 79 clubs existed, with a senior and four junior competitions.

By the s matches between teams representing New South Wales and New Zealand began, as rugby in Australia remained largely confined to the big east coast cities of Sydney and Brisbane.

The national Australian Rugby Union was not formed until In other parts of Australia, Australian rules football had already established itself as the dominant sport.

The issue of payment to players appeared in Australia by the early s, centring in particular on compensation for injured footballers.

At the same time, a professional team of New Zealand rugby players, known as the All Golds, prepared to travel to England to play against Northern Union clubs.

In a rugby league competition began in Sydney with working-class clubs leaving rugby union to play by the new rules. The first Australian rugby league players toured Britain in —09, followed by another tour of Britain in —12, thus establishing international links between Northern and Southern Hemisphere breakaway groups.

The main centres of rugby league in Australia are Sydney and Brisbane, though it is widely played in cities and towns throughout the country and has a larger following than has rugby union.

In New Zealand the first rugby match was played at Nelson in However, rugby spread slowly owing to problems of distance and sparse population, and while regional unions appeared throughout the country by the mids, a national union, the New Zealand Rugby Football Union NZRFU , was not founded until A team made up mostly of Maori players toured Britain, winning 49 of its 74 matches, including many matches against clubs in the north of England that largely consisted of working-class players and that had become the best club teams in the country.

In the Ranfurly Shield was presented by Earl Ranfurly, the governor of New Zealand, to serve as a trophy for a challenge competition between provincial rugby teams.

In New Zealand played a truly national Australian team for the first time. A form of rugby football was played in South Africa in , and the game was first played in Cape Town in The expanding population that followed the Kimberley diamond discovery spread the game into that region —86 , and rugby was being played in the Johannesburg and Pretoria areas by South Africa too has leagues for clubs and a national competition between provincial teams for the Currie Cup, first given in by Sir Donald Currie.

Black South Africans were excluded from playing in the whites-only rugby competitions run by the South African Rugby Board and were forced to play in separate competitions over the course of the 20th century.

Pivotal to the success of South African rugby, as well as to its continued segregation, was the controversial Danie Craven , a legendary player who also served as coach of the national team and president of the Rugby Board.

As a core cultural activity of white South Africans, rugby became the target of protests by black South Africans and international antiapartheid protesters, who called for boycotts of both South Africa and its national rugby team.

Significant protests first emerged in New Zealand in —60 when the NZRFU did not select Maori players for the tour of South Africa in order to comply with apartheid restrictions.

In response to disquiet among black Commonwealth countries, the New Zealand government canceled a planned tour by South Africa, in order to save the Commonwealth Games in Christchurch.

The most-dramatic events surrounding rugby occurred in during the South African tour of New Zealand. The second match of the tour was canceled when protesters occupied the field.

During the s, however, South Africa became progressively isolated as the sports boycott took effect.

Notably, it was excluded from the first two Rugby World Cups in and The dismantling of apartheid began in , and South Africa was again accepted by the international sports community.

The country hosted the rugby union World Cup in and won the championship with a nearly all-white team, which, with the open support of then president Nelson Mandela , unified the country in a brief moment of transracial national identification.

Other countries where rugby has developed to a high level include Argentina and the Pacific Island nations of Samoa, Fiji, and Tonga. Rugby was introduced to Argentina in the s, and by the turn of the 20th century four clubs based in Buenos Aires had formed the River Plate Rugby Football Union.

The Argentine national team, known as the Pumas, has a reputation for being particularly physical in the scrum. Although rugby did not reach the Pacific Island countries of Samoa and Tonga until the s, it had been played in Fiji since the s.

All three countries continue to focus on their individual national teams, but in the early 21st century they also began to play together periodically as a single team representing the Pacific Islands.

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